- ICC VATICAN PROSECUTION
- Our Issues
- Learn More
- Get Involved
- Our Cases
- About Us
After a decade of war, Iraqis and U.S. military veterans are coming together to launch…
June 18, 2013, Geneva – Tomorrow, representatives from SNAP, the Survivors Network of those Abused…
June 11, 2013, New York – Today, the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) and the…
On September 26, 2007, two cases were filed, one in U.S. federal court in the District of Maryland against Sánchez de Lozada, the former President of Bolivia, and the other in the Southern District of Florida against Sánchez Berzaín, the former Minister of Defense, charging both men for their roles in extrajudicial killings of Aymara citizens, an indigenous group in Bolivia, between September and October of 2003.
Oral argument took place on May 17, 2011 and on August 29, 2011, the 11th Circuit has since ruled in favor of the Defendants-Appellants. Plaintiffs-Appellees subsequently filed a petition for rehearing and were denied. Any further action on the case is stayed pending the Supreme Court's decision in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroluem.
Mamani, et al. v. Sánchez de Lozada and Mamani, et al. v. Sánchez Berzain are two cases that filed aginst the former President of Bolivia Gonzalo Daniel Sánchez de Lozada Sánchez Bustamante and the former Minister of Defense Jose Carlos Sánchez Berzaín for their roles in the killing of civilians during popular protests against the Bolivian government in September and October 2003.
The suits, which seek compensatory and punitive damages under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS) and the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA) charge Sánchez de Lozada and Sánchez Berzaín with extrajudicial killings and crimes against humanity for their roles in the massacre of unarmed civilians, including children. In September and October 2003, Sánchez de Lozada and Sánchez Berzaín ordered Bolivian security forces to use deadly force, including the use of high-powered rifles and machine guns, to suppress popular civilian protests against government policies.In all, during those two months forces under their leadership killed 67 men, women, and children and injured more than 400, almost all from indigenous Aymara communities.
Each of the ten Plaintiffs, who are Aymara natives of Bolivia, survives the individuals killed by forces under Sánchez de Lozada's and Sánchez Berzaín's command. Among the ten Plaintiffs are Eloy Rojas Mamani and Etelvina Ramos Mamani, whose 8-year-old daughter was killed in her mother's bedroom when a single shot was fired through the window; Teofilo Baltazar Cerro, whose pregnant wife was killed after a bullet was fired through the wall of a house, killing her and her unborn child; Felicidad Rosa Huanca Quispe, whose 69-year-old father was shot and killed along a roadside; and Gonzalo Mamani Aguilar, whose father was shot and killed.
The legal team includes CCR cooperating attorneys Judith Chomsky, Beth Stephens, and David Rudovsky; Paul Hoffman of Schonbrun, DeSimone, Seplow, Harris and Hoffman; Steven Schulman, John Van Sickle and Jeremy Bollinger from the law firm of Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP; James Cavallaro and Tyler Giannini from the International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School; and Miami attorneys Ira Kurzban and Geoffrey Hoffman.
On September 26, 2007, the two cases were filed, one in U.S. federal court in the District of Maryland against Sánchez de Lozada and the other in the Southern District of Florida against Sánchez Berzaín.
In May 2008, CCR's case against Sanchez de Lozada in the Maryland District Court was consolidated with the Sanchez Berzain case in the Southern District of Florida for pre-trial purposes. Subsequently, Plaintiffs amended their complaint in the Southern District of Florida to include charges against Sanchez de Lozada.